THE BRITISH LIBRARY

UK Web Archive blog

Information from the team at the UK Web Archive, the Library's premier resource of archived UK websites

Introduction

News and views from the British Library’s web archiving team and guests. Posts about the public UK Web Archive, and since April 2013, about web archiving as part as non-print legal deposit. Editor-in-chief: Jason Webber. Read more

18 August 2016

Poetry Goes Online: Preserving poetry journals and zines for the Web archive

I have been working on a Special Collection for the UK Web Archive of UK-based online poetry journals and magazines. My own research at Goldsmiths, where I am completing the first year of a PhD, is concerned with contemporary poetic responses to the increasing ubiquity of the internet and networked culture. This project has been a fantastic opportunity to enrich my own understanding of digital poetry publishing in the UK and develop my research paradigm; I also hope my findings answer some questions regarding digital-only collection strategies for the Library’s on-going Non-Print Legal Deposit (NPLD) responsibilities. In this article I want to share some of my discoveries which will be included in the Special Collection.

The Next Generation of Poetry Journals
My research interests grew out of my experience with poetry communities which had emerged out of, and operated entirely within, digital spaces: participants used social media for networking, collaboration and promotion, taking advantage of cheap web hosting and free blog domains to publish zines and chapbooks. For a younger generation of digitally-native poets growing up in an era of cuts to arts funding (and perhaps less sentimental about print culture), the internet provides the easiest and cheapest method to publish, be read and to interact with other poets. It also provides a space for groups often excluded or underrepresented in print publishing. tender (fig.1) is an exceptional example of this latest generation of online journals; published quarterly as a highly-polished downloadable PDF file, it features a curated selection of original art, poetry, prose and interviews made exclusively by female-identified writers and artists.

Fig1_tender
Fig 1

Making a Break from Print Culture
Unlike print publishing - with its propensities for the risk-averse and the commercial - the effectively free status of online publishing encourages greater formal and thematic experimentalism. For Every Year (fig.2), for example, is publishing an original piece of prose, poetry or “something else” for every year since 1400 – they have already made it to the year 1821 and show no signs of stopping anytime soon. Other thematically adventurous publications in the collection include Visual Verse, a zine based entirely around ekphrastic writing; and PracCrit (fig.3), a journal which publishes original poems juxtaposed with essayistic responses from other poets. Many of these publications are - like much online activity - international in outlook, with contributors hailing from around the globe. The lack of a clear geographical home for certain journals opens up a number of problems regarding NPLD scope, which is limited to the preservation of UK publications.

Fig2_foreveryyear
Fig 2
Fig3_praccrit
Fig 3

The Changing Digital Landscape
Examining the brief history of online poetry also charts a broader history of internet publishing trends, as the infrastructure of online spaces evolves with each successive technological shift. The simplistic text and image sites of “Web 1.0” have been replaced with increasingly sophisticated interfaces and professional graphic design as internet culture comes of age (Footballpoetry).

Footballpoetry2005
In 2005
Footballpoetrytoday
In 2016

Elsewhere, journals like Conversation Poetry are published via Issuu, a skeuomorphic digital publishing platform which mimics the physical properties of a print publication. Conversely – and perhaps more interestingly - journals such as Proof in the UK and The Claudius App in the US foreground the aesthetics of their own digitality. Through the utilisation of multimedia platforms like Java and Flash, these journals aim to make the experience of reading itself consonant with the interactive, dynamic nature of computational technology.

These too present some of the greatest challenges for the Web Archive moving forward, since even advanced web crawlers have limitations when archiving plugins and streaming media content (although new advances in archiving technology show promise). As part of the broader born-digital genre of e-literature, these new experiments mark a break with traditional “bookbound” forms, and may offer a glimpse of the future of literary arts. Look out for the collection on the Web Archive in the next few months.

By Joe McCarney, PhD Placement Student, Goldsmiths, University of London

17 August 2016

Tender to Redevelop the UK Web Archive Website

The UK Web Archive (based at The British Library) is looking to appoint a superb User Experience (UX) company to help us improve our Web Archive service to the public and facilitate high quality academic research.

The project should be open source and bring an innovative and engaging interface to our web archive collections. The project should also integrate with our work on full-text search and trend analysis (see www.webarchive.org.uk/shine).

For a copy of the Invitation to Tender and how to respond please visit the BL eTendering Portal at the following link:

https://bl.bravosolution.co.uk; at the Home Page, under ‘Opportunities and notices’ please click on ‘View current opportunities and notices’.

If you wish to view/download the documents and are not registered on Bravo, please follow the instructions below (registration is free). If you are register please go to step 2.

1. Register your company on the e-tendering portal (this is only required once).

Select the ‘Login or register to participate’ link above and click the ‘Click here to register’ link on the home page.

Accept the terms and conditions and click continue,
Enter your correct business and user details,
Note the username you chose and click Save when complete,
You will shortly receive an email with your unique password (please keep this secure).

2. Respond to the ITT

Login to the portal with the username/password,
Click the ITT's Open To All Suppliers link.
Click on the relevant Tender
Click the Express Interest button in the Actions box on the left-hand side of the page,
This will move the ITT into your My ITT's page. (This is a secure area reserved for your projects only),
You can now access any attachments by clicking the Settings and Buyer Attachments in the Actions box

3. Responding to the ITT

You can now choose to Reply or Reject (please give a reason if rejecting),
You must use the Messages function to communicate to the Library and seek any clarification,
Note the deadline for completion, then follow the onscreen instructions to complete your response to the ITT.

You must then publish your reply using the publish button in the Actions box on the left-hand side of the page.

Note: If you have any questions regarding the tender, please do so through the portal.

By Jason Webber, Web Archiving Engagement Manager

27 June 2016

Capturing and Preserving the EU Referendum Debate (Brexit)

Following the announcement in May 2015 that there would be a referendum on the UK’s EU membership; the Legal Deposit UK Web Archive, led by curators at the Bodleian Libraries, started a collection of websites.

The team of curators includes contributors from the Bodleian Libraries, The British Library, the National Libraries of Scotland and Wales and also Queen’s University Belfast (for the Northern Ireland perspective) and the London School of Economics (for capturing and preserving individual documents, such as the pdf versions of campaigning leaflets). 

The collection scope is to capture the ‘Brexit’ debate and the debate around the EU Referendum as well as the wider context of UK/EU relations, including:

  • Media coverage,
  • websites of political parties and other political institutions and groups
  • campaigning and lobbying
  • trade unions, professional organisations, businesses
  • academic debate
  • culture and arts
  • public opinion through blogs, comments, and if possible social media.

We primarily archive UK websites under the Non-Print Legal Deposit mandate, but also decided to include some sites outside the UK, if relevant – e.g. websites of UK expats in Europe, or political parties, interest groups and think tanks in the EU and in EU member states – on a permission basis.

The collection (at the time of writing) has 2590 target websites. Some of these are whole websites; others will be a single news story or blog post.

Access and availability
The majority of the collection will be available in the reading rooms of UK Legal Deposit libraries, including both British Library sites. As is usual for web archive collections, there is a delay between collection and availability of up to a year.

By Svenja Kunze, Project Archivist, Bodleian Libraries (Oxford University)