Are you one of those people who reads their star charts religiously? Does it matter whether you were born a Taurus or under the sign of Aries? Do Leos rub you up the wrong way or Capricorns get your goat?
If you've answered yes to any of these questions, it might warm your heart to realise that astrology was taken very seriously in the Middle Ages. Take, for example, the Psalter of Lambert le BÃ¨gue (Add MS 21114), which contains this cycle of calendar pages, each adorned with its own zodiac sign. For January we have an image of a hooded man drinking from a bowl, below which is the sign of Aquarius; February is represented by a man lopping branches from a tree, with the sign of Pisces; while December depicts a man about to slaughter a bull, supported by the sign of Capricorn. Lambert (died around 1177) had founded the BÃ©guine monastery of St Christophe in LiÃ¨ge, and his portrait is found on f. 7v of this Psalter, made sometime between 1255 and 1265.
Whoever illustrated this calendar clearly wished to supply the star signs for their readers, supplemented by drawings of typical activities for each month of the year, from hawking (May) to harvesting (August) and making wine (October). The vaguely optimistic bull on the calendar page for December is contrasted with the indignant boar for November and the proud hawk for May. Meanwhile, the star signs all resemble their modern forms, with that for Sagittarius firing its arrow into the distance off the right-hand edge of the page. So, which star sign are you?
January (Aquarius): Add MS 21114, f. 1r
February (Pisces): Add MS 21114, f. 1v
March (Aries): Add MS 21114, f. 2r
April (Taurus): Add MS 21114, f. 2v
May (Gemini): Add MS 21114, f. 3r
June (Cancer): Add MS 21114, f. 3v
July (Leo): Add MS 21114, f. 4r
August (Virgo): Add MS 21114, f. 4v
September (Libra): Add MS 21114, f. 5r
October (Scorpio): Add MS 21114, f. 5v
November (Sagittarius): Add MS 21114, f. 6r
December (Capricorn): Add MS 21114, f. 6v
You can find our more about calendar pages in our monthly post taken this year from the magnificent Bedford Hours.